CEEP organised this morning (25 January) a breakfast event on “Local Public Services Enterprises and the EU SME Definition” at the European Parliament, hosted by MEPs Herbert Reul (EPP, Germany) and Jean-Paul Denanot (S&D, France).

Speakers representing local public services enterprises from all around Europe illustrated the need to engage in a reflection on the EU SME Definition to make it a real tool of support for all SMEs in the EU. Concrete examples were presented by Thierry Durnerin (FedEpl – Fédération des Entreprises Publiques Locales, France), Dr. Milena Angelova (BICA – Bulgarian Industrial Capital Association, Bulgaria) and Dr. Özgür Öner (GdW – Federal German Housing and Real Estate Organisation, Germany). They invited MEPs and representatives from EU institutions to a reflection on how to make the EU SME Definition more inclusive so that it can better support growth and jobs creation.

Many of CEEP members are small and medium-sized enterprises, meeting the thresholds of an SME in terms of size. They however are not considered as SMEs per the EU definition, as they operate under some control of a public authority as providers of SGEIs. Such enterprises can therefore not take part in some funding and financial schemes and face a regulatory burden from which other SMEs (who might be competing for similar markets) are exempted.

Katherina Reiche, CEEP President:

“CEEP does fully support all measures aiming at facilitating SME business operations. The European Union urgently needs this huge potential of SMEs to enhance growth, competitiveness and employment. However, since the SME definition is becoming more widely used (at EU and national level, as well as in aspects of financing), we want to point at some of the shortcomings of the current EU SME policy.”

Services of General Interest can be described as “enabling services”. This means that without reliable energy and water supply or dependable waste water or waste management, the production of many other goods and services would not be possible. It is therefore unfortunate that many local public enterprises cannot benefit from easier access to finance or a reduction in the administrative burden. Instead, the opposite is true.

“With regard to the decision about whether a company is an SME or not, it should make no difference whether a state agency or a private individual is a partner in the company. The same demarcation criteria should apply without exception in both cases.”

You can find more on CEEP’s position on the issue in our Opinion “For an Inclusive EU SME Policy”.



The members of the Public Services Employers’ Forum (PSEF), representing Public Services and Services of General Interest (SGIs) employers and providers, welcome the intention of the European Commission to bring more balance between the economic and social dimensions of the European Union through its initiative on a “European Pillar of Social Rights”.

SGIs are a cornerstone of the EU Social Model and have a central role to play in the Pillar’s process to ensure the citizen’s quality of life and support the development of European businesses.

PSEF members believe that, in order to better support the EU social dimension, the Pillar should aim at fostering a better understanding of the differences between the national social systems and to define possible common reference principles to foster upward convergence.

The way forward is not for the Pillar to produce new EU social legislation, but to contribute to making sure that the existing regulations are still fit for purpose. The EU Social Acquis already encompasses 70 directives providing workers with protection and rights, therefore the problems existing with the EU social Acquis are not about quantity but quality and enforcement. Moreover, any initiative undertaken in the framework of the Pillar in the social policy area should be subject to the standard consultation procedure enshrined in the EU Treaties, and consequently foresee the involvement of social partners. The Pillar should serve as a reference document pointing out gaps in existing social legislation to assess and address. Amongst the existing social regulation, a modernisation of the Working Time Directive should be pursued to provide legal certainty to enterprises, organisations, employers and workers across Europe and ensure that this legal tool is still fit for purpose.

The European Pillar of Social Rights could inspire the development of new benchmarks to compare and measure social policy developments within the framework of the European Semester. Therefore, the Pillar should not be limited to the euro area Members, but cover all Member States of the EU. PSEF members believe that such benchmarking could make the reform agenda simpler and more specific in nature by recognising the differences between Member States, thereby increasing transparency and ownership regarding the implementation and enforcement of reforms. The EU should promote reforms which allow Member States to thrive autonomously within the European Union. This would require reforms that increase sustainable growth, competitiveness and productivity, facilitate the efficiency of SGIs, and ultimately reduce vulnerabilities and inequalities as experienced in the existing social infrastructure at national level.

The significant divergences across Europe are strongly related to the EU Member States’ structural weaknesses and in existing hindrances to the provision of sufficient, sustainable and predictable investments in physical and social infrastructures in key services such as transport, energy, communication, water, waste management, healthcare and education.

In order to change this situation by promoting and supporting the necessary forms of investment, the Pillar may serve as a basis for adapting the European fiscal rules to secure growth-friendly fiscal consolidation and to foster key forms of public investment such as in education, health and social services, contributing most to productivity gains in the economy. In this context, a comprehensive and non-dogmatic review of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) needs to be considered.

The ways and means of pursuing the principles of the Pillar should be developed, decided upon and implemented by the Member States. Respecting the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality will be key for the success and widespread acceptance of the European Pillar of Social Rights. In this regard PSEF members consciously point out that the existing legal competencies of the EU should not be extended by the Pillar and the proven balance between regulations at national level and EU level should remain unchanged. The Pillar should instead provide a set of principles and objectives to be shared by the Member States making the best use of the European Semester.


The signatories of this joint statement are CEEP (European Centre of Employers and Enterprises providing Public services and SGIs), CEMR (Council of European Municipalities and Regions), CER (Community of European Railway and Infrastructure Companies), EBU (European Broadcasting Union), EFEE (European Federation of Education Employers) and HOSPEEM (European Hospital and Healthcare Employers’ Association).

Public Services as Driver of Digital Transformation: Compendium of practices available in PDF

During the joint CEEP-EUROCHAMBRES event “Creating Inclusive Digital Eco-systems”, CEEP presented a compendium of practices showcasing the key role of public services’ employers and providers in the digital transformation. The booklet comprises 19 practices, illustrating how CEEP members are tackling the digital transformation and contribute directly to:

  • Fight digital exclusion
  • Develop digital skills
  • Provide quality digital services
  • Put the users at the centre
  • Connect the actors
  • Exploit the full potential of data
  • Support the emergence of smart cities

You can consult the report here.

On 14 November 2016, 25 enterprises providing public services and services of general interests have been awarded the CEEP CSR Label. The awarding ceremony was held at the Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations (member of CEEP France) in Paris, and organised with CEEP France. A compendium of practices and enterprises awarded was also circulated at this occasion.

“This label is a demonstration that public services’ providers in Europe do more than fulfilling their services. They are also particularly conscious and active when it comes to positively impacting the society and the environment,” said Valeria Ronzitti, CEEP General Secretary.
Pascal Bolo, President of CEEP France, also emphasised the importance of CSR for public services’ enterprises and organisations. “CSR is part of their DNA, as public services’ enterprises and organisations combine the private interests and management practices and the values of the public. They answer the call for modernity and efficiency with a positive vision, favoring long-term views and perspectives and not only looking for short-term benefits. Those enterprises also use primarily local resources and contribute to jobs creation.”

Corporate social responsibility is a key element for the management of public services. For this reason, in 2008, CEEP created the CEEP-CSR Label in 2008. It was created to answer the need of enterprises providing public services to be recognised for their activities in the field of CSR, without label dedicated to public services’ providers.

The enterprises and organisations awarded in 2016 are:

Practices awarded with merit:

  • Ciliopée Groupe “Fight social isolation of older people”
  • EDG – Entsorgung Dortmund GmbH “Projects to support integration”
  • GEBALIS, EM “Together, we’ll take care of our neighbourhood”
  • SEMAEST “CoSto – Connected Stores”

Enterprises awarded:

  • ACEA Ato2 S.p.A., Italy
  • Ambiente Servizi S.p.A., Italy
  • APS – Administração dos Portos de Sines e do Algarve, S.A., Portugal
  • BVG – Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe, Germany
  • Ciliopée Groupe, France
  • EDG – Entsorgung Dortmund GmbH, Germany
  • EMATSA – Empresa Municipal Mixta d’Aigües de Tarragona, Spain
  • Fyrishov AB, Sweden
  • GEBALIS, EM, Portugal
  • Gruppo Hera, Italy
  • Junta de Freguesia de Olivais, Portugal
  • Kraftringen Energi AB, Sweden
  • NGE Nantes, France
  • Perfect Union, France
  • SAEMES, France
  • Scape Group, United Kingdom
  • SEM Plaine Commune Développement, France
  • Séquano Aménagement, France
  • Groupe SERL, France
  • SIC – Société Immobilière de Nouvelle-Calédonie, France
  • SIDR – Société Immobilière du Département de la Réunion, France
  • SMA Torino S.p.A., Italy
  • SODEGIS, France
  • Stockholm Vatten AB, Sweden


On behalf of European employers and providers of public services, Valeria Ronzitti, CEEP General Secretary, and Joseph Farrugia, CEO of the Malta Employers’ Associations (MEA), addressed the Tripartite Social Summit, co-chaired by the President of the European Council, the President of the European Commission and the Slovak Prime Minister, Robert Fico. Emphasising the central role of public services in the European society, Ms Ronzitti suggested 3 avenues to put the EU back on track, support economic growth, facilitate social improvements and reduce inequalities.

1. “Remove the sense of alienation, re-define the concept of protection and security EU citizens are asking for, stop with do-goodism and politically correct speeches, as the first steps to counteract those who see Europe as a “necessary evil” and “not a common good”.” In this respect, Mr Farrugia presented the Maltese example, where his organisation broadcast a TV programme communicating on Europe and the contribution of social dialogue to the EU project.

2. “Continue necessary structural reforms and negotiate them as much as possible to ensure that they are a unifying factor. This implies for Governments to sit together with employers and trade unions to design and implement them. This point was one of the key elements of the recent statement “A New Start for Social Dialogue” (signed by the European Commission, the European Council, employers’ organisations and trade unions).”

3. “Invest, invest, invest. CEEP will support all initiatives aiming at ensuring additional investments for long-term growth prospects. This is crucial for our members who reported in our Autumn Pulse of Pulse Services that budget cuts as well as administrative and regulatory burden remain their biggest obstacle invest.
We welcome the empowerment of the EFSI and its new arm to support the EU external policy, as expressed in the Social Partners’ statement on the table today.
But EFSI alone will not be enough. The first phase proved unsuccessful to address the lack of investments in social infrastructures. EFSI is still meant to attract mainly – if not exclusively – private investors whose appetite to invest in social infrastructures – not only schools and hospitals, but rather skills and health – is limited.
To significantly increase those investments Member States need to finally use to full extent the flexibility built-in the Stability and Growth Pact. Moreover an honest and non-dogmatic reflection need to be launched by at EU level on whether the Stability and Growth Pact is still fit for purpose.”


Europe is faced with unprecedented economic, social and political challenges. These challenges – insufficient competitiveness, lack of growth and employment, migration, security issues, and the need to redefine EU-UK relations – require European solutions.
European social partners strongly believe in the European Union. Populism, nationalism, xenophobia, anti-European sentiments, isolationism or protectionism can only create a downward spiral that will damage everyone. European and national commitment can and must go hand-in hand.

European employers and European Trade Unions regret but respect the decision of the United-Kingdom to leave the European Union. They are determined to contribute to finding solutions to mitigate the negative effects of this decision for companies and workers across Europe. Companies and workers must not pay the price for Brexit.

Our aim is to preserve as close economic relations between the European Union and the United-Kingdom as possible, while preserving the integrity of the Single Market, and fully respecting the four freedoms linked to it, i.e. free movement of goods, services, capital and persons.

European social partners also insist on the need to improve Europe’s attractiveness as a place to invest and create jobs.

After a decade of under-investment, increasing efficient and productive private and public investment is essential for Europe’s present and future growth and employment, particularly on fields like physical and social infrastructures, circular economy, digitalisation, innovation and research, education and training for better skills, etc. We therefore support the extension of the so-called Juncker Plan for Investment (European Fund for Strategic Investment – EFSI), drawing the necessary lessons from the first year of application on the need to improve additionality, facilitate cross-border projects and support countries experiencing difficulties in mobilising this instrument.

In parallel, EU and national efforts to remove obstacles to investment and job creation in Europe must be stepped up.

To reverse the relative decline of European industry including SMEs and given the importance of manufacturing and related services for growth and job creation in all sectors of the economy, we call on the European Commission to include an ambitious industrial policy strategy in the 2017 work programme.

Having efficient European institutions is essential to devise balanced and efficient European policies benefiting all Member States enterprises and workers. Europe needs transparent, democratically accountable and well-performing institutions: the European Commission, the Council and the European Parliament have to be united and determined in working together to improve the capacity of the European Union to address enterprises’ and workers’ needs and expectations.

At the same time, a well-functioning social dialogue at EU, national, sectoral and company level is important to devise efficient policies that will increase European prosperity and ensure social fairness.

The statement on “a new start for social dialogue’ co-signed in June by the Commission, the Council and the social partners is our common roadmap to design and implement policies for growth and job creation. We count on the European Commission and on the Council to live up to their commitment to implement it and support us through capacity building projects to further strengthen national social partnership for efficient social dialogue and industrial relations, where necessary.

CEEP addressed today the second Macro Economic Dialogue at Political Level organized under the Netherlands Presidency. “Public services’ employers particularly acknowledge the importance that President Dijsselbloem attaches to the Macro Economic Dialogue and we encourage future presidencies to give equal importance to the exchange of views with social partners. This should lay the basis for strengthening the Macro Economic Dialogue and for fully linking it to the semester process” said CEEP General Secretary Valeria Ronzitti.

Regarding structural reforms, the main point at the agenda, Valeria Ronzitti made the case for balanced structural reforms, able to reinforce upward convergence. “However, structural reforms are not automatically successful; a thorough assessment needs to be made of what they encompass”, explained Ms Ronzitti. “Three distinct elements are necessary for structural reforms to be successful:

  • to follow a reasonable pace in order not to impose excessive shocks on our economies;
  • to properly involve social partners when structural reforms are not directly negotiated by them at national level;
  • to shape structural reforms with a truly long-term vision, without being at the expense of investments in public services infrastructures.”

As the recipe for successful structural reforms contains investments among its key ingredients, CEEP encourages future Macro Economic Dialogue meetings to specifically focus on this issue, in the context of the proposed strengthening and prolongation of the European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI). This would also favour investments in social infrastructures, which keep lagging behind since the launch of the EFSI.

CEEP welcomes the priorities identified by the Commission in the ‘New Skills Agenda for Europe’. “Employers of public services keep struggling to match skill needs and workers. All the measures taken to effectively reduce skill mismatches are key to shape a society economically performant and inclusive”, explained CEEP General Secretary Valeria Ronzitti. Identifying and addressing skill needs and increasing the comparability of qualifications across Europe are priorities to encourage job creation and facilitate mobility.

Amongst the proposed initiatives, CEEP particularly supports the launch of a ‘Digital Skills and Jobs Coalition’, which is an important step to accompany the digital transformation. “For public services providers, adapting to the digital era and finding the workforce with the right skills remains a major challenge which requires solutions”, emphasized Valeria Ronzitti.
Some elements of solution on the digital transformation of the EU labour market were put forward in CEEP Opinion ‘Harnessing the Digital Transformation of Public Services’.

Also, the facilitation of the integration of migrants and refugees in European labour market was called for by the EU economic and social partners in a joint statement in March 2016. The creation of a ‘Skills Profile Tool’ goes in the right direction and could directly contribute to addressing the refugee crisis by better recognising their skills and qualifications. A renewed European Qualifications’ Framework is also necessary to encourage mobility across Europe, which could benefit both Europeans and third country nationals.

CEEP will closely follow the rolling out of the Commission Action Plan, and looks forward to building up an effective partnership with the Commission on this issue.

 “A real Circular Economy: Which actors to involve, which measures to take?”
Conference, 02/06/2016, 16:00-18:00, at the IFAT
(in Munich, Germany)

At the IFAT[1] in Munich, CEEP organises in cooperation with VKU a conference “A real Circular Economy: Which actors to involve, which measures to take?”. It will bring together representatives of stakeholders driving forward the European circular economy and decision-makers from the European Commission and the Dutch EU Presidency to analyse the next steps regarding the EU Circular Economy Strategy.

This conference will be the opportunity to present the CEEP Opinion on the Circular Economy Strategy and the legislative proposals on waste. It is also a chance for providers of public services to restate their commitment to the principles of the circular economy, as organisations active in sectors such as waste management, energy, housing, transport and water.
The Circular Economy Strategy and in particular the legislative proposals on waste are central to ensure that resource efficiency becomes the key driver for both economic growth and environmental protection. CEEP embraces the Strategy as it represents an outstanding opportunity to realize the objective of a sustainable economy. It has the potential to show that economic rationality, environmental protection and social responsibility are not in contradiction with each other, but that they can reinforce each other. It underlines that it is not about choosing between the protection of the environment on the one hand, and growth and jobs on the other, but about achieving benefits in all these fields.

“We are now calling for a swift realisation of the Strategy and no further delay in implementing the legislative proposals on waste. Our members are the ideal interlocutor to ensure the feasibility of the proposals and their effective implementation and they want to contribute actively to the move towards a more circular economy”, emphasized Filippo Brandolini, CEEP Vice-President.

For his last participation in the Tripartite Social Summit, CEEP President Hans-Joachim Reck addressed Council President Tusk, Commission President Juncker and Prime Minister Rutte with the main messages of public services’ providers and employers on the migration and refugee crisis.

His speech focused on two key aspects: the need to restore a fully-functioning Schengen area and the challenge for public services’ employers.


The threat to the Schengen space:

“Above all, we should answer the main concern of European citizens, enterprises and all economic actors: restore the full functioning of the Schengen space. It is not only a cornerstone of the European single market; it is the most concrete and tangible achievement for European citizens. This space of freedom is now in jeopardy, and its complete break-up would lead to estimated losses of more than EUR 18 billion per year. Despite all this, some Member States have not reconsidered their actions.

For this reason, we critically need the EU institutions to address this unprecedented situation in a common work programme engaging all Member States, aiming at the full restoration of the Schengen space.


The challenge for public services’ employers

“Employers and providers of public services are on the front line, especially those operating at regional and local level. They rely on the support of the EU and Member States when facing the challenge of providing the necessary basic services in terms of health, housing, education, water provision and all kinds of basic services of general interest at a time when resources are increasingly scarce, and are asked to do so without causing reductions in services to local communities.

Some local public services can no longer cope with the inflow of refugees and are turning to Europe for solutions.  We therefore call upon the EU institutions to ensure the availability of sufficient resources for public services to allow both the EU and Member States to deal adequately with the inflow of refugees.

Our members are also at the heart of the solutions to properly integrate refugees into the labour market, which will be a determining element to ensure they contribute to the sustainability of our Welfare States and to a renewed economic growth. 

Without being a silver bullet against ageing population, immigration has a positive effect for our members. Due to the demographic changes and limited recruitment during the crisis, the workforce in public services is ageing quicker than in the rest of the economy, with almost 30% of its workforce over 50 years old. This will lead to a shortage of workers in public services in the very near future. We need both highly qualified and low qualified workers in core sectors such as waste management, transport, energy and health services. Assessing, testing and screening skills and competences is therefore a cornerstone for the inclusion of migrants into labour markets in Europe, and must go together with the organisation of integration courses, housing, language learning classes and other education and training measures.

That is why the inclusion and integration of refugees into society, particularly through the workplace, has to be a common commitment of all Member States, in both transit and destination countries.


On top of Mr Reck’s speech, CEEP penned a joint declaration with the economic and social partners (CEEP, ETUC, BusinessEurope, UEAPME and EuroChambres) on the issue.

CEEP also presented to President Tusk, President Juncker and Prime Minister Rutte its Spring 2016 Pulse of Public Services, survey presenting the challenges faced by employers of public services and their views regarding the current and future economic situation, as well as a joint declaration of the Public Services’ Employers Forum (PSEF) on digitalisation

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